Function 1: Making thumbnails of any uploaded image

F Firebase, Syncing and Functions / Cloud Functions Last updated on Updated  May 23, 2019

If you want to make thumbnails of any uploaded image, please just open the project that you created in the previous  open the functions folder in terminal and there you have to add some dependencies.

The thumbnail generation is performed using ImageMagick which is installed by default on all Cloud Functions instances. This is a CLI so we execute the command from node using the child-process-promise package. The image is first downloaded locally from the Cloud Storage bucket to the tmp folder using the google-cloud SDK.

When you will be done with the installation of theses two dependencies now open functions/index.js file and copy the following code.

'use strict';

// [START import]
const functions = require('firebase-functions');
const gcs = require('@google-cloud/storage')();
const spawn = require('child-process-promise').spawn;
const path = require('path');
const os = require('os');
const fs = require('fs');

// [END import]

// [START generateThumbnail]
 * When an image is uploaded in the Storage bucket We generate a thumbnail automatically using
 * ImageMagick.
// [START generateThumbnailTrigger]
exports.generateThumbnail = => {
// [END generateThumbnailTrigger]
  // [START eventAttributes]
  const fileBucket = object.bucket; // The Storage bucket that contains the file.
  const filePath =; // File path in the bucket.
  const contentType = object.contentType; // File content type.
  const metageneration = object.metageneration; // Number of times metadata has been generated. New objects have a value of 1.
  // [END eventAttributes]

  // [START stopConditions]
  // Exit if this is triggered on a file that is not an image.
  if (!contentType.startsWith('image/')) {
    console.log('This is not an image.');
    console.log("Started with "+contentType);
      console.log('This is not an octet-stream.');
      return null;

  // Get the file name.
  const fileName = path.basename(filePath);
  // Exit if the image is already a thumbnail.
  if (fileName.startsWith('thumb_')) {
    console.log('Already a Thumbnail.');
    return null;
  // [END stopConditions]

  // [START thumbnailGeneration]
  // Download file from bucket.
  const bucket = gcs.bucket(fileBucket);
  const tempFilePath = path.join(os.tmpdir(), fileName);
  const metadata = {
    contentType: contentType,
  return bucket.file(filePath).download({
    destination: tempFilePath,
  }).then(() => {
    console.log('Image downloaded locally to', tempFilePath);
    // Generate a thumbnail using ImageMagick.
    return spawn('convert', [tempFilePath, '-thumbnail', '200x200>', tempFilePath]);
  }).then(() => {
    console.log('Thumbnail created at', tempFilePath);
    // We add a 'thumb_' prefix to thumbnails file name. That's where we'll upload the thumbnail.
    const thumbFileName = `thumb_${fileName}`;
    const thumbFilePath = path.join(path.dirname(filePath), thumbFileName);
    // Uploading the thumbnail.
    return bucket.upload(tempFilePath, {
      destination: thumbFilePath,
      metadata: metadata,
    // Once the thumbnail has been uploaded delete the local file to free up disk space.
  }).then(() => fs.unlinkSync(tempFilePath));
  // [END thumbnailGeneration]
// [END generateThumbnail]

After that just run the command 

firebase deploy --only functions

 * Make sure that you are running this command in functions folder.

And after the deployment try to upload some image in  Firebase Storage.